Similar to the most major developing nation in the world, India is currently facing a crisis of effective and skill-providing education to its vast pool of younger generation, ready to step into the real world.
In the fast paced and rapidly transforming world of today, a university is not the only place where one can get this education. The expectation of the millennial generation is a clear indicator of how education systems need to evolve and the future of learning models in India. The millennial generation expects an education that has following key attributes:
1. The access to education should be available Anytime.
2. It should be accessible Anywhere.
3. And the course or the learning process designed should be Personalized.
These three characteristics are going to define the future of all education models, not just in India, but the world over. These complex questions are rooted in the need for an overhaul of the existing norms. The existing models in the field of education are archaic. A One-Size-Fits-All such as a traditional classroom learning is not completely effective in terms of learning, for a very simple fact, that to begin with all the students do not possess an equivalent base knowledge. Also, every student has their individual speed and rate of absorption.
The quality of academic teachings in the university and colleges are not keeping pace with the requirement of the industries. Resulting in population pool that possesses college education but their skills lag far behind from what employers are expecting from them.
The defining challenge of our time in terms of education in India is to bridge this gap. How can we do this? One way is to think about education in terms of :
1. Offline Process, and
2. Online process
The Offline process will not only include university and colleges, but also Training Institutes and Certification Programs. The major hurdle in the path towards effective education is the unavailability of quality trainers and teachers. There is a chronic shortage of higher education faculty in India. Reports estimate that 30-40% of faculty positions are unfilled.
Similarly, in the Online process, one can opt for Massive Online Open Courses (MOOCs) that can provide access to an inexhaustible amount of learning resources. The major problem faced in this model is again ‘One-Size-Fits-All’ methodology, where all students watch the same video, and the flow of information is unidirectional and lacks effective interaction.
These complex problems are where we are observing the real disruptions by the start-ups. With the help of new technologies and business models, there is a scope of a radical transformation of the education industry.
I am fairly confident that the future models of education are going to evolve from overcoming these significant hurdles and we should keep a look out for the disruptive models that are going to achieve this.
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